The Biblical male name Caleb is of Hebrew origin and its meaning is “faith, devotion, whole-hearted”.
By consulting Biblical timelines, we can ascertain that Caleb was born in 1530 B.C.
Numbers 32:10-13 KJV
Of the twelve scouts that Moses sent into the Promised Land to gather information leading up to what should have been the Hebrew nation’s entering in, after what our Bible timeline shows us was only little more than two years after the Exodus, just two of them, Joshua and Caleb, had the faith and good courage to bring back the report that God’s people should go in and take by faith the land that God was giving them:
Something that is sometimes forgotten or overlooked when we think about the Israelites wandering around in the desert for forty years is that is was not that the Wilderness Journey itself took that long to accomplish in a physical sense. It was their evoking of God’s wrath that earned His children 38 extra years of wandering, and robbed many of them the opportunity to ever enter in to His promises at all. They were placed in an extended “holding pattern,” if you will, until all of the disobedient and shamefully spineless ones of adult age had died off.
Moses had sent men into Canaan to see what it was like before all the Israelites entered the land. After scrutinizing the land, these 12 men reported that it was indeed a land that flowed with “milk and honey.” That was the good news; however, the bad news was that the people already occupying the land made them look like little grasshoppers. Caleb, a man after God’s own heart, had also seen these supposed giant obstacles, but still had faith that, “Where God guides, God provides.” The other 10 men, not agreeing with Caleb or Joshua, argued and convinced the Israelites not to enter into God’s promises.
Moving forward over 40 years, the Anakim giants had been driven out of Hebron by Joshua, about five years previously as we consult a Biblical timeline, however they had returned and in were back in control of the region, with perhaps even a greater resolve to retain the land promised to Caleb.
At Caleb’s “retirement” age of 85, which would have been the year 1445 B.C., as we see by referring to our Bible timeline, he reminded the younger generation how faith in God had brought him that far:
Caleb confidently said: “I wholly followed the LORD my God.” His faithfulness was not based on what others were doing or saying. He was not putting God in a popularity contest. The loyal few who have their hearts fixed on the Lord and trust in His word are not afraid to speak out or move forward to bring about the Lord’s will despite of what others say or do, or who will or will not stand with them.
Caleb’s unwavering faith can be seen in his report when he was sent out as a as from Moses: “I brought him word again as it was in mine heart,” He spoke from an honest heart, with conviction and faith, even though he faced opposition from most of the other spies and the Israelite people. He and Joshua stood alone, steadfast in their faith in the LORD.
Caleb, of the tribe of Judah was forty years old, according to Biblical timelines when he was sent to spy out the Promised Land with the other 11 men. Over four decades later, he received his reward:
- Egypt is the undisputed world power during this time.
- Egyptian bondage and oppression increases, especially towards the Hebrew people.
- This period saw the beginning of the Hurrian conquests.
- Hittite King Mursilis I fought the Hurrians on the upper Euphratese River.
- The Cretan palaces at Knossos and other centers flourish despite disasters.
- The city of Mycenae, located in the northeast Peloponnesus, comes to dominate the rest of Achaea, giving its name to Mycenaean civilization.
- Cecrops I builds or rebuilds Athens following the great flood of Deucalion and the end of the Golden age. He becomes the first of several Kings of Athens whose life account is considered part of Greek mythology.
- Cecrops I, legendary King of Athens, dies after a reign of 50 years. Having survived his own son, he is succeeded by Cranaus.
- Egypt started to conquer Nubia and the Levant.
- The element Mercury has been discovered in Egyptian tombs dating from this period.
- Settlers from Crete, Greece move to Miletus, Turkey.
- There is evidence of the Mayan civilization developing in Belize.
- The Phoenicians develop an alphabet.
- King Cheng Tang of Shang of China, first ruler of Shang Dynasty, ruled China for 29 years beginning in 1600 B.C.
- The Edomites lived south of the Dead Sea, and blocked the passage of the Israelites to travel through their territory on their way north.
- The rise of Assyrian power begins to be established.
- The Kassites rose to political power in Babylon.
- The Hyskos kingdom was centered in the eastern Nile Delta and Middle Egypt.
- In Greece, there was a group of people known as “The Pelasgi,” who lived in the region of the Aegean Sea before the coming of the Greeks.
- The historical, recognizable beginnings of Persia took place in this era.
- The ancient Chinese art of astronomy is recorded.
- China is recognized as implementing the first old-age pension plans.
- Lyrical poetry begins among the ancient Greeks, usually accompanied by a lyre or other stringed instrument.
Main Bible Characters
Joshua, son of Nun, was the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses.
Joshua 7:13-15 Joshua 14:7-12Numbers 14:30-33 KJV