Biblical Timeline | Caleb

The Biblical male name Caleb is of Hebrew origin and its meaning is “faith, devotion, whole-hearted”.

By consulting Biblical timelines, we can ascertain that Caleb was born in 1530 B.C.

And the LORD’s anger was kindled the same time, and he sware, saying, Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed me: Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua the son of Nun: for they have wholly followed the LORD. And the LORD’s anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight of the LORD, was consumed.

 

Numbers 32:10-13 KJV

Of the twelve scouts that Moses sent into the Promised Land to gather information leading up to what should have been the Hebrew nation’s entering in, after what our Bible timeline shows us was only little more than two years after the Exodus, just two of them, Joshua and Caleb, had the faith and good courage to bring back the report that God’s people should go in and take by faith the land that God was giving them:

And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it. But the men that went up with him said, We be not able to go up against the people; for they are stronger than we. And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature. And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.

Something that is sometimes forgotten or overlooked when we think about the Israelites wandering around in the desert for forty years is that is was not that the Wilderness Journey itself took that long to accomplish in a physical sense. It was their evoking of God’s wrath that earned His children 38 extra years of wandering, and robbed many of them the opportunity to ever enter in to His promises at all. They were placed in an extended “holding pattern,” if you will, until all of the disobedient and shamefully spineless ones of adult age had died off.

Moses had sent men into Canaan to see what it was like before all the Israelites entered the land. After scrutinizing the land, these 12 men reported that it was indeed a land that flowed with “milk and honey.” That was the good news; however, the bad news was that the people already occupying the land made them look like little grasshoppers. Caleb, a man after God’s own heart, had also seen these supposed giant obstacles, but still had faith that, “Where God guides, God provides.” The other 10 men, not agreeing with Caleb or Joshua, argued and convinced the Israelites not to enter into God’s promises.

Moving forward over 40 years, the Anakim giants had been driven out of Hebron by Joshua, about five years previously as we consult a Biblical timeline, however they had returned and in were back in control of the region, with perhaps even a greater resolve to retain the land promised to Caleb.

At Caleb’s “retirement” age of 85, which would have been the year 1445 B.C., as we see by referring to our Bible timeline, he reminded the younger generation how faith in God had brought him that far:

Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the LORD sent me from Kadeshbarnea to espy out the land; and I brought him word again as it was in mine heart. Nevertheless my brethren that went up with me made the heart of the people melt: but I wholly followed the LORD my God. And Moses sware on that day, saying, Surely the land whereon thy feet have trodden shall be thine inheritance, and thy children’s for ever, because thou hast wholly followed the LORD my God. And now, behold, the LORD hath kept me alive, as he said, these forty and five years, even since the LORD spake this word unto Moses, while the children of Israel wandered in the wilderness: and now, lo, I am this day fourscore and five years old. As yet I am as strong this day as I was in the day that Moses sent me: as my strength was then, even so is my strength now, for war, both to go out, and to come in. Now therefore give me this mountain, whereof the LORD spake in that day; for thou heardest in that day how the Anakims were there, and that the cities were great and fenced: if so be the LORD will be with me, then I shall be able to drive them out, as the LORD said.

Caleb confidently said: “I wholly followed the LORD my God.” His faithfulness was not based on what others were doing or saying. He was not putting God in a popularity contest. The loyal few who have their hearts fixed on the Lord and trust in His word are not afraid to speak out or move forward to bring about the Lord’s will despite of what others say or do, or who will or will not stand with them.

Caleb’s unwavering faith can be seen in his report when he was sent out as a as from Moses: “I brought him word again as it was in mine heart,” He spoke from an honest heart, with conviction and faith, even though he faced opposition from most of the other spies and the Israelite people. He and Joshua stood alone, steadfast in their faith in the LORD.

Caleb, of the tribe of Judah was forty years old, according to Biblical timelines when he was sent to spy out the Promised Land with the other 11 men. Over four decades later, he received his reward:

And Joshua blessed him, and gave unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance. Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto this day, because that he wholly followed the LORD God of Israel. And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.

 

Important World Leaders and Events During This Time

 

  • Egypt is the undisputed world power during this time.
  • Egyptian bondage and oppression increases, especially towards the Hebrew people.
  • This period saw the beginning of the Hurrian conquests.
  • Hittite King Mursilis I fought the Hurrians on the upper Euphratese River.
  • The Cretan palaces at Knossos and other centers flourish despite disasters.
  • The city of Mycenae, located in the northeast Peloponnesus, comes to dominate the rest of Achaea, giving its name to Mycenaean civilization.
  • Cecrops I builds or rebuilds Athens following the great flood of Deucalion and the end of the Golden age. He becomes the first of several Kings of Athens whose life account is considered part of Greek mythology.
  • Cecrops I, legendary King of Athens, dies after a reign of 50 years. Having survived his own son, he is succeeded by Cranaus.
  • Egypt started to conquer Nubia and the Levant.
  • The element Mercury has been discovered in Egyptian tombs dating from this period.
  • Settlers from Crete, Greece move to Miletus, Turkey.
  • There is evidence of the Mayan civilization developing in Belize.
  • The Phoenicians develop an alphabet.
  • King Cheng Tang of Shang of China, first ruler of Shang Dynasty, ruled China for 29 years beginning in 1600 B.C.
  • The Edomites lived south of the Dead Sea, and blocked the passage of the Israelites to travel through their territory on their way north.
  • The rise of Assyrian power begins to be established.
  • The Kassites rose to political power in Babylon.
  • The Hyskos kingdom was centered in the eastern Nile Delta and Middle Egypt.
  • In Greece, there was a group of people known as “The Pelasgi,” who lived in the region of the Aegean Sea before the coming of the Greeks.
  • The historical, recognizable beginnings of Persia took place in this era.
  • The ancient Chinese art of astronomy is recorded.
  • China is recognized as implementing the first old-age pension plans.
  • Lyrical poetry begins among the ancient Greeks, usually accompanied by a lyre or other stringed instrument.
 

Main Bible Characters

Joshua, son of Nun, was the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses.

  • Caleb, a faithful companion of Moses and Joshua, remembered for his wise powers of observation and fearlessness in the face of what seemed to others to be overwhelming odds; Caleb was the son of Jephunneh
  • Moses, the son of Jochebed and Amram.
  • Joshua 7:13-15 Joshua 14:7-12Numbers 14:30-33 KJV

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    6 comments… add one

    • The account was very informative and interesting to read.

    • dan

      what is this? The Hyskos kingdom was centered in the eastern Nile Delta and Middle Egypt.
      and please expound on john 8 44,,

    • Sonja B. Wilson

      Valuable Timeline

    • Joy Daniel

      Where and to whom Caleb was born? Was he from tribe of Judah or a gentile?If he was gentile how he qualified to be the leader of Judah? (ref Joshua 14:6 ,14)did olden Egypt has a place called “Kenezite” where Caleb’s father was born,but he was of the tribe of Judah.
      Kindly reply with any proofs you can provide.

    • Lyndon

      How could Caleb be born 1530BC and retire 1445 BC?

      • margaret

        Hi Lyndon – dates Before Christ are counted backwards so that people are born in larger years than they die. If that makes sense. 1530 BC is 1, 530 years before Christ while 1445 BC is 1, 445 years before Christ.

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